Etchingham is a small rural community, in East Sussex, England, lying in the valley at the junction of the Rivers Dudwell, Limden and Rother, which flow on through Sussex, eventually reaching the sea at Rye. The village is situated on the A265 road, which runs from the A21 to Lewes, a mile or so west of Hurst Green, which lies on the A21.
The village has developed over several centuries from an Anglo Saxon settlement.The name Etchingham is probably derived from Old English, and roughly translates as “The homestead or enclosure of family and followers of a man called Ecci”. ‘inga’ in a place name usually refers to ‘people of’ or ‘dwellers at’, and ‘ham’ refers to a homestead or settlement, so this explanation seems the most probable. There is a second less likely derivation of the name, it could come from the Anglo Saxon ‘ECEN’, meaning great + ‘HAM’ (homestead), but the former explanation is the most likely.
Etchingham was a manor a long time before the Norman conquest of 1066, after this time the manor was taken over by the Normans, in 1166 it was left to the De Achyngham (Etchingham) family, who were well known landowners of the time. The Etchingham family papers record that William was so pleased with his right-hand man that he gave him the land now known as Etchingham. The moated manor house, long since demolished, stood at the point now occupied by the London to Hastings railway line, some of the stone from the manor was probably used in the construction of the station buildings.